The first years of a hedge determine how dense and uniform it grows to become. If you leave your hedge unattended for a long time, it becomes impossible to give it a desirable look. Without assistance, most hedges grow into a bushy shape. You need to prune and trim it during the first years to achieve the desired width and height. This can be done at least twice during the growing season and once after the growing season. A flowing edge needs to be pruned after the flowing is over.
Hedges are very important features of the garden. You can use them to mark boundaries, offer privacy and shelter you from the wind. In large gardens, they can be used to partition spaces and act as backdrops for other plants.
How you manage your hedge determines how it will look like in future. Trimming it early encourages growth. You can prune your hedge into a decorative shape. However, you can only do this when the plants are still young. Different tree species can be trimmed to create either formal or informal hedging.
Some of the species used for formal hedging include cupressocyparis leylandi, taxus baccata or yew and fagus sylvatica, also known as the common beach. Cupressocyparis leylandii is a fast growing hedge plant and an excellent choice for fast screening. The plant can grow to a height of 3 meters in less than six years. Yew is a relatively slow growing evergreen plant that features dark leaves. It is a tolerant specimen that grows in both wet and dry conditions. It can reach a maximum of 2 meters in 20 years. The common beach plant is great for wind breaking and screening. It has bright green foliage that turns into deep green as the plant matures. The plant can reach a height of 1.3 meters in 6 years.
Common species in informal hedging include escallonia macrantha, pyracantha, and berberis. Pyracantha is evergreen. It produces red berries in its maturity and has sharp, mildly poisonous thorns. The plant can reach a height of 1.2 meters in two years. Berberis forms a good-looking evergreen hedge with golden flowers in spring and purple berries in autumn. It can grow to a maximum of 1.2 meters in 3 years. Escallonia macrantha is also an evergreen shrub with deep green leaves and bright red flowers. It is resilient to saline winds and can grow to a maximum of 3 meters.
Trimming is the fastest way of pruning a hedge. When buying a trimmer, choose one from those given on Trimmers and Hedgers, and make sure you get one that has as many safety features as possible to prevent chopping the entire hedge down.